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CLASS T.float @public

summary

     

The builtin type float.

The object methods can be used on a float variable or value:

 string val = 12.0.ToString()

You can also create a float from a string: "12.0".toFloat()

Mathematical operations do what is expected. "x % y" computes the floating-point remainder of dividing x by y. The return value is x - n * y, where n is the quotient of x / y, rounded toward zero to an integer.

In case of doubt about specific computations, check the documentation for the C math library.

Special values:

INF - Positive infinity

NINF - Negative infinity

NAN - Not A Number. Note that when val is Not A Number "val == NAN" and "NAN == val" evaluate to TRUE , but "val == val" will evaluate to FALSE.

$Size() int @public  Return the number of bytes in a float.
$ToString() string @public  Return the number in a short form.
$ToString(format) string @public  Return the number in the specified format.
$Compare(other) int @public  Return -1 when other is larger than this float, zero when other is equal to this float, and 1 when other is smaller than this float.
$Equal(other) bool @public  Return TRUE when other is equal to this float.
$isInfinite() bool @public  Return TRUE if the value is INF or NINF.
$isNan() bool @public  Return TRUE if the value is NAN.
$abs() float @public  Return the absolute value.
$floor() float @public  Return the largest integral value not greater than the value.
$ceil() float @public  Return the smallest integral value not less than the value.
$trunc() float @public  Return the value rounded to integer, toward zero.
$round() float @public  Return the value rounded to integer, away from zero.
$toInt() int @public  Return the value converted to an integer.
$exp() float @public  Return the value of e (the base of natural logarithms) raised to the power of the value.
$log() float @public  Return the natural logarithm of the value.
$log10() float @public  Return the base 10 logarithm of the value.
$sqrt() float @public  Return the nonnegative quare root of the value.
$pow(x) float @public  Return the value raised to the power of x.
$sin() float @public  Return the sine value, using the value as radians.
$sinh() float @public  Return the hyperbolic sine value.
$cos() float @public  Return the cosine value, using the value as radians.
$cosh() float @public  Return the hyperbolic cosine value.
$tan() float @public  Return the tangent value, using the value as radians.
$tanh() float @public  Return the hyperbolic tangent value.
$asin() float @public  Return the principal value of the arc sine of the value.
$acos() float @public  Return the principal value of the arc cosine of the value.
$atan() float @public  Return the principal value of the arc tangent of the value.
$atan2(x) float @public  Return the principal value of the arg tangent of the value divided by x.
 
 

members (alphabetically)

     

FUNC $Compare(float other) int @public

     

Return -1 when other is larger than this float, zero when other is equal to this float, and 1 when other is smaller than this float.

FUNC $Equal(float other) bool @public

     

Return TRUE when other is equal to this float.

FUNC $Size() int @public

     

Return the number of bytes in a float.

Always returns 8, since a float is 64 bits

FUNC $ToString() string @public

     

Return the number in a short form.

For example, 1.234.ToString() returns "1.234".

This uses 6 decimal places and uses the exponent notation when that is shorter.

FUNC $ToString(string format) string @public

     

Return the number in the specified format.

For example, 1.2345678.ToString("10.3e") returns " 1.235e+00".

The format has the fields: [width][.precision]{type}.

[width] is the minimum width of the result. When needed spaces are prepended. When omitted no spaces are prepended.

[.precision] gives the number of digits after the dot for types e, E, f and F. For types g and G it is the maximum number of significant digits.

{type} can be e for the style [-]d.ddde┬▒dd where there is one digit before the dot and the number of digits after the dot is equal to the precision. If the precision is missing, it is taken as 6. If the precision is zero, no dot appears. The exponent always contains at least two digits. If the value is zero, the exponent is 00. The number is rounded before applying the precision.

{type} can be E for the same style as e, but using letter E rather than e for the exponent. {type} can be f or F for the style [-]ddd.ddd, where the number of digits after the dot is equal to the precision specification. If the precision is missing, it is taken as 6. If the precision is explicitly zero, no decimal-point character appears. If a decimal point appears, at least one digit appears before it. The number is rounded before applying the precision.

{type} can be g for the style of f or e. The precision specifies the number of significant digits. If the precision is missing, 6 digits are given. If the precision is zero, it is treated as 1. Style e is used if the exponent from its conversion is less than -4 or greater than or equal to the precision. Trailing zeros are removed from the fractional part of the result. A decimal point appears only if it is followed by at least one digit.

{type} can be G for the same style as g, but using letter E rather than e for the exponent

FUNC $abs() float @public

     

Return the absolute value.

Equivalent to: v < 0 ? -v : v

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is INF or NINF the result is INF.

FUNC $acos() float @public

     

Return the principal value of the arc cosine of the value.

That is the value whose cosine is this value.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is +1 the result is +0.

If the value is INF or NINF the result is NAN

If the value is below -1 or above 1 the result is NAN.

FUNC $asin() float @public

     

Return the principal value of the arc sine of the value.

That is the value whose sine is this value.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is +0 (-0), the result is +0 (-0) .

If the value is below -1 or above 1 the result is NAN.

FUNC $atan() float @public

     

Return the principal value of the arc tangent of the value.

That is the value whose tangent is this value.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is +0 (-0), the result is +0 (-0) .

If the value is INF (NINF) the result is PI/2 (-PI/2).

FUNC $atan2(float x) float @public

     

Return the principal value of the arg tangent of the value divided by x.

Uses the signs of the two values to determine the quadrant of the result.

TODO: document special values

FUNC $ceil() float @public

     

Return the smallest integral value not less than the value.

For example, 0.5.ceil() is 1.0 and -0.5.ceil() is 0.0.

If the value is NAN, INF or NINF the result is the same.

FUNC $cos() float @public

     

Return the cosine value, using the value as radians.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is INF or NINF the result is NAN.

FUNC $cosh() float @public

     

Return the hyperbolic cosine value.

This is defined mathematically as x.cosh() = (x.exp() + (-x).exp()) / 2

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is +0 (-0), the result 1.

If the value is INF or NINF the result is INF.

If the result overflows, the result is T.float.max.

FUNC $exp() float @public

     

Return the value of e (the base of natural logarithms) raised to the power of the value.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is INF the result is INF.

If the value is NINF the result is zero.

If the result underflows the result is zero.

If the result overflows the result is T.float.max.

FUNC $floor() float @public

     

Return the largest integral value not greater than the value.

For example, 0.5.floor() is 0.0 and -0.5.floor() is -1.0.

If the value is NAN, INF or NINF the result is the same.

FUNC $isInfinite() bool @public

     

Return TRUE if the value is INF or NINF.

Equivalent of "val == INF val == NINF"

FUNC $isNan() bool @public

     

Return TRUE if the value is NAN.

Equivalent of "val == NAN"

FUNC $log() float @public

     

Return the natural logarithm of the value.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is 1 the result is zero.

If the value is INF the result is INF.

If the value is zero the result is T.float.max.

If the value is negative or NINF the result is NAN.

FUNC $log10() float @public

     

Return the base 10 logarithm of the value.

For special values see log().

FUNC $pow(float x) float @public

     

Return the value raised to the power of x.

If the value is less than 0, and x is a normal number the result is NAN.

If the result overflows the result is T.float.max.

If the result underflows the result is 0.0.

Except as specified below, if the value or x is a NAN, the result is a NAN.

If the value is 1, the result is 1.0 (even if x is a NAN).

If the value is 0, the result is 1.0 (even if x is a NAN).

If the value is +0 (-0), and x is an odd integer greater than 0, the result is +0 (-0).

If x is 0, and the value greater than 0 and not an odd integer, the result is +0.

If x is -1, and the value is INF or NINF, the result is 1.0.

If the absolute value of x is less than 1, and the value is NINF, the result is INF.

If the absolute value of x is greater than 1, and the value is NINF, the result is +0.

If the absolute value of x is less than 1, and the value is INF, the result is +0.

If the absolute value of x is greater than 1, and the value is INF, the result is INF.

If x is NINF, and the value is an odd integer less than 0, the result is -0.

If x is NINF, and the value less than 0 and not an odd integer, the result is +0.

If x is NINF, and the value is an odd integer greater than 0, the result is NINF.

If x is NINF, and the value greater than 0 and not an odd integer, the result is INF.

If x is INF, and the value less than 0, the result is +0.

If x is INF, and the value greater than 0, the result is INF.

If x is +0 or -0, and the value is an odd integer less than 0, the result is T.float.max with same sign as x.

If x is +0 or -0, and the value is less than 0 and not an odd integer, the result is T.float.max

FUNC $round() float @public

     

Return the value rounded to integer, away from zero.

For example, 0.5.round() is 1.0 and -0.5.round() is -1.0.

If the value is NAN, INF or NINF the result is the same.

FUNC $sin() float @public

     

Return the sine value, using the value as radians.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is INF or NINF the result is NAN.

FUNC $sinh() float @public

     

Return the hyperbolic sine value.

This is defined mathematically as x.sinh() = (x.exp() - (-x).exp()) / 2

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is +0 (-0), the result is +0 (-0) .

If the value is INF or NINF the result is INF or NINF.

If the result overflows, the result is T.float.max, with the same sign as the value.

FUNC $sqrt() float @public

     

Return the nonnegative quare root of the value.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is zero the result is zero.

If the value is INF the result is INF.

If the value is less than zero the result is NAN.

FUNC $tan() float @public

     

Return the tangent value, using the value as radians.

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is INF or NINF the result is NAN.

If the result overflows, the result is T.float.max, with the mathematically correct sign.

FUNC $tanh() float @public

     

Return the hyperbolic tangent value.

This is defined mathematically as x.tanh() = x.sinh() / x.cosh()

If the value is NAN the result is NAN.

If the value is +0 (-0), the result is +0 (-0) .

If the value is INF (NINF), the result is +1 (-1).

FUNC $toInt() int @public

     

Return the value converted to an integer.

Rounds to an integer like round().

If the value is NAN the result is zero. If the value is INF the result is INT.max. If the value is NINF the result is INT.min.

FUNC $trunc() float @public

     

Return the value rounded to integer, toward zero.

For example, 0.5.trunc() is 0.0 and -0.5.trunc() is 0.0.

If the value is NAN, INF or NINF the result is the same.

license

      Copyright 2014 Bram Moolenaar All Rights Reserved.

      Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. See the LICENSE file or obtain a copy at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0